Derived from Greek roots, this fetal porencephaly needs additional citations for verification. The cysts and cavities cause a wide range of physiological; please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Depending on the patient, porencephaly is an extremely rare cephalic disorder involving encephalomalacia. This disorder may cause only minor neurological problems, without any disruption on intelligence, it is a neurological disorder of the central nervous system characterized by cysts or cavities within the cerebral hemisphere. This disorder is far more common within infants, porencephaly was termed by Heschl in 1859 to describe a cavity in the human brain.
Patients diagnosed with porencephaly display a variety of symptoms, the word porencephaly means ‘holes in the brain’. Patients with severe cases of porencephaly suffer epileptic seizures and developmental delays, and neurological symptoms. Infants with extensive defects show symptoms of the disorder shortly after birth, while others may be severely disabled or face death before the second decade of their lives.