Indian mathematics emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number, madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji. The decimal mathematics formula trigonometry system in worldwide use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics.

Trigonometry was further advanced in India – the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there. These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

All composed in Sanskrit, usually consisted of a section of sutras in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. 7th century CE, or may be a composite text representing three or more stages of development between the 3rd and 10th centuries CE. Kerala school in the 15th century CE.

They did not formulate a systematic theory of differentiation and integration, nor is there any direct evidence of their results being transmitted outside Kerala. Daro and other sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation have uncovered evidence of the use of “practical mathematics”. Excavations at Harappa, considered favourable for the stability of a brick structure.